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National Cancer Institute®
Ultima Vez Modificado: 1 de junio del 2002
UI - 11904337
AU - Duffy K; Al-Saleem T; Karbowniczek M; Ewalt D; Prowse AH; Henske EP
TI - Mutational analysis of the von hippel lindau gene in clear cell renal carcinomas from tuberous sclerosis complex patients.
SO - Mod Pathol 2002 Mar;15(3):205-10
AD - Medical Oncology Division, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA.
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, autism, and tumors of multiple organs. Renal disease in TSC includes angiomyolipomas, cysts, and renal cell carcinomas. It is known that somatic mutations in the von Hippel Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene occur in most clear cell renal carcinomas. To determine whether TSC-associated clear cell carcinomas also contain VHL mutations, we analyzed six tumors for loss of heterozygosity in the VHL gene region of chromosome 3p and for mutations in the VHL gene. Four of the patients were women between the ages of 34 and 68 years, and two were males under the age of 21 years. The loss of heterozygosity analysis was performed using polymorphic microsatellite markers, and the mutational analysis was performed using direct sequencing. Chromosome 3p loss of heterozygosity was not detected, and no VHL mutations were identified. These findings suggest that mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes lead to clear cell renal carcinogenesis via an alternate pathway not involving VHL mutations.
UI - 12037687
AU - Uhlmann EJ; Apicelli AJ; Baldwin RL; Burke SP; Bajenaru ML; Onda H;
TI - Kwiatkowski D; Gutmann DH Heterozygosity for the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) gene products results in increased astrocyte numbers and decreased p27-Kip1 expression in TSC2+/- cells.
SO - Oncogene 2002 Jun 6;21(25):4050-9
AD - Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant tumor predisposition syndrome characterized by benign proliferations (hamartomas). In the brain, individuals with TSC develop autism, mental retardation and seizures associated with focal cortical dysplasias, subependymal nodules, and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs). We hypothesize that dysregulated astrocyte function due to mutations in the tumor suppressor genes, TSC1 and TSC2, may contribute to the pathogenesis of these brain abnormalities. In this report, we demonstrate that mice heterozygous for a targeted defect in either the Tsc1 or Tsc2 genes(Tsc1+/- and Tsc2+/- mice) exhibit a 1.5-fold increase in the number of astrocytes in vivo. Whereas increased astrocyte numbers in vivo were suggestive of a proliferative advantage, Tsc2+/- primary astrocyte cultures did not show a cell-autonomous growth advantage, anchorage-independent growth, increased saturation density, or increased fluid-phase endocytosis compared to wild type astrocytes. Tsc2 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) however, did exhibit increased saturation density compared to Tsc2 wild type controls. In both Tsc2+/- astrocytes and Tsc2 null mouse embryonic fibroblasts, p27-Kip1 expression was decreased compared to wild type cells, and was reversed by tuberin re-expression in Tsc2-/- MEFs. In contrast, no change in endocytosis was observed upon tuberin re-expression in Tsc2-/- MEFs. Collectively, these results suggest Tsc heterozygosity may provide a non-cell-autonomous growth advantage for astrocytes that may involve p27-Kip1 expression.
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