Chemoembolization is a palliative treatment for tumors found in the liver. This can be a tumor that started in the liver (primary liver cancer or hepatoma) or a liver tumor that has metastasized (spread) from another area of the body. These tumors often cannot be destroyed by chemotherapy given into the veins, radiation or surgery.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed by interventional radiologists that uses heat to destroy tumor cells.
Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
TIPS is a shunt used to decrease the pressure in the veins of the stomach and esophagus, which can become enlarged (called varices) and cause life threatening bleeding.